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Signs and Symptoms of Uterine Sarcoma

Uterine sarcoma is a very rare type of cancer that forms in the muscles of the uterus or in the tissues that support the uterus. This is different from endometrial uterine cancer, which is a carcinoma that starts in the lining of the uterus called the endometrium. About 95% of the cancers of the uterus are carcinomas, not sarcomas.

Fibroid tumors, which are not cancerous, can also develop in the lining of the uterus. We have put together a list of common signs and symptoms of uterine sarcoma below.

The Signs and Symptoms of Uterine Sarcoma are as follows:

  • Unusual bleeding between menstrual periods
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • A mass in the vagina
  • Frequent urination
  • A feeling of fullness in the abdomen

Unfortunately, many uterine sarcomas reach an advanced stage before they cause any signs and symptoms. As well, several other conditions can cause the signs and symptoms of uterine sarcoma. See your doctor if you have any of the above signs and symptoms.

Risk factors for uterine sarcoma include having received radiation treatment in the pelvic area, and taking the breast cancer drug Tamoxifen. Women taking Tamoxifen should have a pelvic exam yearly, and report any unusual bleeding to their doctor immediately.

Uterine sarcomas are twice as common in African-American women as in white or Asian women. The reason for this is unknown.

Diagnosis of Uterine Sarcoma

A Dilation and Curettage ( D & C) is used to scrape cells from the lining of the uterus. An endometrial biopsy is also done to remove tissue samples from endometrium. A PAP test is usually done first, to rule out cancers of the cervix. A PAP test is not a reliable test for diagnosing uterine sarcomas.

Books for People With Signs and Symptoms of Uterine Sarcoma

100 Questions & Answers About Uterine Cancer
Don S. Dizon
21st Century Ultimate Medical Guide to Uterine Sarcoma and Leiomyosarcoma – Authoritative, Practical Clinical Information for Physicians and Patients, Treatment Options (Two CD-ROM Set)
PM Medical Health News

The Official Patient’s Sourcebook on Uterine Sarcoma: A Revised and Updated Directory for the Internet Age
Icon Health Publications
Uterine Cancer (American Cancer Society Atlas of Clinical Oncology)
Arlan F. Fuller

Uterine Sarcoma Resources

General Patient Resources

  • National Cancer Institute

Information about uterine sarcoma treatment and clinical trials from the National Cancer Institute.

  • Masonic Cancer Center

Information About Uterine Sarcoma; Stages of Uterine Sarcoma; Recurrent Uterine Sarcoma; Treatment Option Overview; Treatment Options by Stage

  • Fox Chase Cancer Center

Fox Chase Cancer Center physicians offer the newest treatment options for women diagnosed with uterine sarcoma (soft tissue sarcoma).

  • Eyes on the Prize . org

Frequently Asked Questions about the different types of endometrial and uterine cancers, risk factors, and how they are diagnosed.

  • Liddy Shriver Sarcoma Initiative

Options and Follow-up Care for Women with Uterine Sarcomas. An ESUN Article. Suzie Siegel. Editor’s Note: Suzie Siegel has leiomyosarcoma, a rare cancer of the smooth muscle.

  • Epigee Women’s Health

Outlines the basics of endometrial and uterine sarcoma, both types of uterine cancer. Includes information on symptoms and risk factors.

Medical Resources

  • Web MD

General Information about uterine sarcoma.

  • Mayo Clinic

Uterine sarcoma treatment for lumps or abnormalities in the uterus, including leiomyosarcoma, at Mayo Clinic.