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Signs and Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is cancer of the testicles, which are part of the male reproductive system. The testicles produce sperm and male sex hormones, such as testosterone. Testicular cancer is fairly uncommon, and only about 8,000 cases are diagnosed in the US each year.

It is, however, the most common cancer in men between the ages of 15 and 34 years. Testicular cancer is highly curable, and has a cure rate of approximately 100%, if it has not metastasized. We have listed the common signs and symptoms of testicular cancer below:

The Signs and Symptoms of Testicular Cancer are as follows:

  • A lump or swelling in the testes
  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • A sharp pain in the scrotum or lower abdomen
  • A dull pain in the scrotum or lower abdomen
  • Low back pain
  • A collection of fluid in the scrotum
  • Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
  • General fatigue
  • A single enlarged testicle

These signs and symptoms of testicular cancer are often caused by other conditions. Not all lumps in the testes are tumors, and not all tumors are malignant. See your doctor to determine the cause of any of these signs and symptoms, especially if these symptoms last longer than two weeks. Make an appointment to see your doctor even if the lump isn’t painful. Most testicular cancers do not have pain at the onset.

Risk factors that may predispose you to testicular cancer include having an undescended testicle, having a family history of testicular cancer, having Klinefelter’s Syndrome, and being between the ages of 15 – 39. Testicular cancer is more common in white males than blacks.

Diagnosis of Testicular Cancer

A diagnosis of testicular cancer is made through an ultrasound of the scrotum, as well as through blood tests, which measure the levels of tumor markers in the blood. If the doctor suspects cancer, the entire testicle may be removed.

Books For People With Signs and Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

Together We Will Win: What Happen’s When We Don’t Talk About Testicular Cancer
Karen A McWhirt
One Lump or Two?: A Humourous Story of One Man’s Fight Against Testicular Cancer
Darren Couchman

Frequently Asked Questions about Testicular Cancer (FAQ: Teen Life)
Paula Johanson
Testicular Cancer – A Medical Dictionary, Bibliography, and Annotated Research Guide to Internet References
ICON Health Publications

Testicular Cancer Resources

General Patient Resources

  • National Cancer Institute

Information about testicular cancer treatment, causes, screening, clinical trials, research, and other topics from the National Cancer Institute.

  • The Testicular Cancer Resource Center

Everything you need to know about the diagnosis and treatment of testicular cancer.

  • MD Anderson Cancer Center

Read about testicular cancer symptoms and prevention. Receive specialized treatment at MD Anderson Cancer Center.

  • Better Medicine

Information Including Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Causes, Videos, Forums, and local community support.

  • Cancer Compass

Get support from other cancer patients and their loved ones at our online testicular cancer forum. Join to research additional information and resources.,0,119,30.htm

  • E Health Forum

Welcome to the Testicular Cancer Forum – a health community featuring member and doctor discussions ranging from a specific symptom to related conditions, treatment and more.

  • Med Help

Testicular Cancer Help Forum. This forum is for help, questions and support regarding Testicular Cancer

Medical Resources

  • Mayo Clinic

Comprehensive overview covers signs, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of testicle cancer.

  • Medline Plus

A service of the US National Library of Medicine.

  • Pub Med Health

Reviews causes, incidence, risk factors, symptoms, treatment, prognosis and complications.