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Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Enlargement | BPH

BPH or benign prostatic hyperplasia/ hypertrophy is the medical term for an enlarged prostate gland.  When a man reaches middle age, the prostate often starts growing.  Between the ages of fifty-one and sixty, 50 percent of all men have an enlarged prostate, and over 90 percent have an enlarged prostate by age eighty.  We have put together a list of common signs and symptoms of prostate enlargement | BPH below.

Also, we have information on diagnosis, helpful books and valuable resources for patients.

The Most Common Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Enlargement | BPH:

  • Frequent urination
  • Reduced flow of urine
  • Inability to start urinating
  • Stopping and starting of urinating
  • Dribbling, especially at night
  • Increased nighttime urination
  • Inability to empty the bladder
  • Lower back and leg pain
  • Impotence
  • Loss of libido
  • Burning pain with urination
  • Recurring bladder infections
  • Pain or discomfort during ejaculation
  • Chronic constipation
  • Obstruction of the bladder
  • Kidney damage

At first, an enlarged prostate may have no symptoms.  As the prostate grows, it puts increased pressure on the urethra, and urinary problems can develop.  Although the symptoms of prostate enlargement or BPH are generally harmless, your doctor should diagnose it to be sure you do not have prostate cancer.  In some cases, obstruction of the bladder can occur, which can lead to an infection of the bladder or the kidneys.  This can cause a dangerous level of pressure on the kidneys, causing them to fail.

Diagnosis of Prostate Enlargement | BPH

A diagnosis of prostate enlargement of BPH is made first through a digital rectal exam, where the doctor can feel the prostate gland for swelling or lumps.  Next the doctor may order a blood test called a prostate-specific antigen test (PSA).  A urine test may be done to rule out other infections, and if the PSA reading is over 10, a rectal ultrasound may be performed to look at the size and shape of the prostate.

Books For Men With Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Enlargement | BPH

The Prostatitis Syndromes: Approaches to Treating Bacterial Prostatitis, Non-Bacterial Prostatitis, Prostatodynia, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, Sexual … And Possibly Preventing Prostate Cancer
Bradley Hennenfent
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (Fast Facts)
Roger S. Kirby
Dr. Peter Scardino’s Prostate Book, Revised Edition: The Complete Guide to Overcoming Prostate Cancer, Prostatitis, and BPH
Peter T. Scardino
The Prostate Storm: One Guy Battles Prostate Cancer, BPH and Prostatitis, and Bets On a Cure-All
Steve Vogel

BPH Resources

General Patient Resources

  • American Urological Association Foundation

Information on BPH and other related conditions.

  • National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse

A service of the National Institute of Health.

  • Health Communities . com

BPH Channel provides comprehensive urologist- monitored info about benign prostatic hyperplasia, or enlarged prostate. Info for primary care providers and BPH patients.

  • Med Help

Questions and answers regarding Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH, prostate) from our Ask The Doctor Forums.

Medical Resources

  • Mayo Clinic

Learn about benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) diagnosis and treatment at Mayo Clinic.

  • Pub Med Health

Reviews causes, risk factors, symptoms, treatment, prognosis and complications.

  • Medicine Net . com

Excellent comprehensive article on BPH.