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Signs and Symptoms of Hyperparathyroidism

Hyperparathyroidism is a disease of the parathyroid glands where one or more of the four parathyroid glands produce an excess of parathyroid hormone. The parathyroid glands produce parathyroid hormone, which helps to regulate the calcium levels in the bloodstream and in tissues that depend on calcium. Hyperthyroidism occurs when one or more of the parathyroid glands grows into a benign tumor and starts making excess parathyroid hormone regardless of the level of calcium in the blood. We have put together a list of common signs and symptoms of hyperparathyroidism below.

The Common Signs and Symptoms of Hyperparathyroidism are:

  • Osteoporosis
  • Kidney stones
  • Bone pain, especially in the legs and arms
  • Depression
  • Abdominal pain
  • Frequent urination
  • Memory loss
  • Irritability
  • Thinning hair
  • High blood pressure
  • Recurrent headaches
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Heart palpitations
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Not feeling good most of the time
  • Complaints of illness with no apparent cause
  • Personality changes

Many people show no initial symptoms of hyperparathyroidism, and hyperthyroidism is often diagnosed before signs and symptoms are apparent. When symptoms do occur, they are the result of too high levels of calcium circulating in the blood and/or too little calcium in the bones.

Most people have at least 5 or 6 of the above signs and symptoms of hyperparathyroidism. In general, the longer you have hyperparathyroidism, the more symptoms you will develop.

See your health care practitioner if you have the signs and symptoms of hyperparathyroidism. These symptoms can be caused by a number of other disorders, some with serious complications.

Diagnosis of Hyperparathyroidism

A diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism is made initially through blood tests measuring the level of calcium in the blood and the level of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the blood. If  both calcium levels and PTH are high, then you have hyperparathyroidism. However, you still have hyperparathyroidism if your calcium levels are high and your PTH levels are normal. See

Books For People With Signs and Symptoms of Hyperparathyroidism

The Official Patient’s Sourcebook on Hyperparathyroidism: A Revised and Updated Directory for the Internet Age
Icon Health Publications
Hyperparathyroidism – A Medical Dictionary, Bibliography, and Annotated Research Guide to Internet References
ICON Health Publications

Surgical treatment of hyperparathyroidism: With an analysis of 267 cases (Medical series, nr. 219)
H. A. Bruining
MANAGEMENT OF HYPERCALCEMIA: Diagnostic workup, therapeutic options for hyperparathyroidism and other common causes Effective treatments are available … to volume expansion. (Postgraduate Medicine)
Silvio E. Inzucchi

Hyperparathyroidism Resources

General Patient Resources

  • Parathyroid . com

An excellent resource from doctors specializing in parathyroid disease.

  • Better Medicine

Information Including Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Causes, Videos, Forums, and local community support. Find answers to health issues you can trust.

  • Endocrine Web

This article shows you the basics of hyperparathyroidism—when your parathyroid glands overproduce parathyroid hormone. Learn about the symptoms, causes, and more.

  • MD Junction

Hyperparathyroidism Forums. Discussions, Q&A and friends dealing with Hyperparathyroidism.

  • Daily Strength

Discuss Hyperparathyroidism with others who understand what you’re going through.

  • Med Help . org

Thyroid Cancer/Nodules and Hyperparathyroid Expert Forum.–Hyperthyroidism/Hyperparathyroid/show/1436379

Medical Resources

  • Mayo Clinic

Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of this disorder of the parathyroid glands.

  • Pub Med Health

Reviews causes, incidence, risk factors, symptoms, treatment, prevention and complications.

  • Medline Plus

A service of the US National Library of Medicine.