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Signs and Symptoms of  Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a cancer that grows in the prostate gland. It is the third most common cancer in men, and rarely found in men under age forty. By age eighty, 80% of all men have prostate cancer. There are often so signs and symptoms of prostate cancer in its early stages, though some men do experience urinary symptoms and discomfort. We have put together a list of common signs and symptoms of prostate cancer below.

The Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Pain on urination
  • Difficulty initiating the urine stream
  • Weak urine stream
  • Dribbling
  • Low back pain
  • Blood in the urine
  • Blood in the semen
  • Pain with ejaculation
  • Swelling in the legs
  • Pelvic discomfort
  • Bone pain

Prostate cancer initially grows slowly, and may stay confined to the prostate gland for many years. There are different types of prostate cancer; some are slow-growing and simply require monitoring, while other types are aggressive and require immediate intervention.

Most prostate cancer is found in men over age sixty-five. It is most common in black men, and in those with a family history of prostate cancer.

Many cases of prostate cancer are found during routine prostate screening tests. These tests include a digital rectal exam, and a PSA test, which is done through a blood sample. Higher than normal levels of PSA may indicate inflammation, infection, enlargement or prostate cancer.



Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer

If the digital rectal exam or PSA test is abnormal, a doctor will do an ultrasound or a biopsy of the prostate, to assist in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. If the biopsy confirms the presence of prostate cancer, the next step, called a Gleason score, determines how aggressive the cancer is.


Books For Men with Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

The Decision: Your prostate biopsy shows cancer. Now what?: Medical insight, personal stories, and humor by a urologist who has been where you are now.
John C. McHugh M.D.
Invasion of the Prostate Snatchers: No More Unnecessary Biopsies, Radical Treatment or Loss of Sexual Potency
Ralph H. Blum


Johns Hopkins Patients’ Guide to Prostate Cancer (The Johns Hopkins Patients’ Guide)
Arthur Burnett
Dr. Peter Scardino’s Prostate Book, Revised Edition: The Complete Guide to Overcoming Prostate Cancer, Prostatitis, and BPH
Peter T. Scardino

Prostate Cancer Resources

General Patient Resources

  • National Cancer Institute

Information about prostate cancer treatment, prevention, genetics, causes, screening, clinical trials, research and statistics from the National Cancer Institute.

http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/prostate

  • Radiology Info . org

Current and accurate information for patients about Prostate Cancer. Learn about treatment options, how the therapy is performed, what happens during therapy, common side effects, and more.

http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=pros_cancer

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDC provides men, doctors, and policymakers with the latest information about prostate cancer.

http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/prostate/

  • The Prostate Cancer Charity

The Prostate Cancer Charity offers support and information to anyone concerned with prostate cancer.

http://www.prostate-cancer.org.uk/

  • Prostate Cancer Foundation

The Prostate Cancer Foundation (PCF) is the leading philanthropic organization funding and accelerating prostate cancer research globally.

http://www.pcf.org/site/c.leJRIROrEpH/b.5699537/k.BEF4/Home.htm

  • E Health Forum

Welcome to the Prostate Cancer Forum – a health community featuring member and doctor discussions ranging from a specific symptom to related conditions, treatment options, medication, side effects, diet, and emotional issues surrounding medical conditions.

http://ehealthforum.com/health/prostrate_cancer.html

  • Cancer Compass

Our online forum resources can help current prostate cancer patients connect with others and research their disease and treatment options. For more information, explore the topics below or post a new question online today.

http://www.cancercompass.com/message-board/cancers/prostate-cancer/1,0,119,2.htm



Medical Resources

  • Mayo Clinic

Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatments of this common cancer.

http://www.bing.com/health/article/mayo-125186/Prostate-cancer?q=prostate+cancer

  • Web MD

Getting diagnosed with prostate cancer can be overwhelming. It’s normal to have several questions and concerns. Find answers to all of your questions about prostate cancer.

http://www.webmd.com/prostate-cancer/features/prostate-cancer-questions

  • Pub Med Health

Discusses causes, incidence, risk factors, symptoms, treatment, complications and prognosis.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001418/