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Signs and Symptoms of Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lungs that is primarily caused by either bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites.  In rare cases, pneumonia can be caused by chemical irritants. Most cases of pneumonia are bacterial in nature, with viral cases coming in second. Fungal pneumonia and pneumonia caused by parasites is relatively rare. It is possible to have a case of mixed bacterial and viral pneumonia infection. We have put together a list of common signs and symptoms of pneumonia below.

The Signs and Symptoms of Pneumonia are as follows:

  • A productive cough
  • Fever
  • Shaking chills
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sharp or stabbing chest pain during the in-breath
  • Sweating
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion, especially in the elderly
  • Lower than normal body temperature in the elderly

Since the signs and symptoms of pneumonia can be serious, please see your doctor immediately if you have any of the above symptoms, especially if you have recently had a cold or the flu. For some people, especially older adults, pneumonia can quickly become a life-threatening situation.

Pneumonia can also occur in children. In the third world, pneumonia remains a leading cause of death  in very young children, the elderly, and those with a weakened immune system.

Diagnosis of Pneumonia

A chest x-ray is often used to confirm a suspected case of pneumonia. A sample of sputum can help to determine the cause of the infection. Bacterial pneumonia is often treated with a broad-spectrum antibiotic, and viral pneumonia usually requires no treatment and resolves on its own.

Books For People With Signs and Symptoms of Pneumonia

Pneumonia Essentials 2010
Burke A. Cunha
Diagnosis and Management of Pneumonia and Other Respiratory Infections
Alan Fein
Pneumonia: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment (Public Health in the 21st Cent)
Micaela L. Suarez
Switching to oral therapy for pneumonia. (Bottom Line).: An article from: Internal Medicine News
Sherry Boschert

Pneumonia Resources

General Patient Resources

  • Medicine Net . com

Learn pneumonia symptoms, causes, treatment, signs, diagnosis and types: viral and bacterial (Pneumocystis carinii, Klebsiella, Mycoplasma, Chlamydia pneumoniae).

  • Better Medicine

Information Including Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Causes, Videos, Forums, and local community support. Find answers to health issues you can trust.

  • Health Scout

Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention of Pneumonia … Definition of Pneumonia; Description of Pneumonia; Causes and Risk Factors of Pneumonia

  • American Lung Association

The American Lung Association has detailed information about symptoms, diagnosis and treatment for many types of pneumonia, as well as important prevention information.

  • E Health Forum

Pneumonia forums – get advice from medical experts. … The site is not a replacement for professional medical opinion, examination, diagnosis or treatment.

  • MD Junction

Pneumonia Forums. Discussions, Q&A and friends dealing with Pneumonia.

Medical Resources

  • Mayo Clinic

Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of this serious respiratory infection.

  • Medline Plus

A service of the US National Library of Medicine.

  • Web MD

Pneumonia overview from the Lung Disease and Respiratory Health Center.