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Nasopharyngeal Cancer Signs and Symptoms

Nasopharyngeal cancer is a cancer that originates in the nasopharynx, which is the uppermost region of the throat behind the nose. It is rare in the US, and much more common in East Asia and Africa. In the US, Asian-born immigrants have a much higher incidence of this disease than do American-born Asians. It is most often diagnosed between the ages of thirty and fifty, and is more common in males. We have listed the common signs and symptoms of nasopharyngeal cancer below.

Also, we have information on diagnosis, helpful books and valuable resources for patients.

The Signs and Symptoms of Nasopharyngeal Cancer are as follows:

In the early stages, nasopharyngeal cancer may not cause any symptoms. Symptoms of nasopharyngeal cancer include:

  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • A lump in the nose
  • A lump on the neck
  • Otitis media or ear pain
  • Difficulty hearing
  • Frequent ear infections
  • Bloody nasal discharge
  • Nasal congestion
  • Bloody saliva
  • Headaches
  • Sore throat
  • Trouble breathing or speaking

If you have any of these symptoms that do not resolve over time, such as a persistent stuffy nose, see your doctor.

Other risk factors for nasopharyngeal cancer include exposure to the Epstein-Barr virus, smoking cigarettes and drinking large amounts of alcohol.



Diagnosis of Nasopharyngeal Cancer

A diagnosis of nasopharyngeal cancer may be difficult in the early stages, when the symptoms mimic many other disorders. Nasopharyngeal cancer is usually diagnosed when it is in its later stages.

A diagnosis of nasopharyngeal cancer is made through several tests and procedures which may include a CT scan, an MRI, a PET scan, and a tissue biopsy.


Books For People With Signs and Symptoms of Nasopharyngeal Cancer

21st Century Ultimate Medical Guide to Nasopharyngeal Cancer- Authoritative, Practical Clinical Information for Physicians and Patients, Treatment Options (Two CD-ROM Set)
PM Medical Health News
The Official Patient’s Sourcebook on Nasopharyngeal Cancer: A Revised and Updated Directory for the Internet Age
Icon Health Publications


Review of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.(d)(Disease/Disorder overview): An article from: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal
Anita Jeyakumar
Nasopharyngeal teratoma in an adult.(RHINOSCOPIC CLINIC): An article from: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal
Chan Meng Lim

Resources for Nasopharyngeal Cancer

General Patient Resources

  • National Cancer Institute

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of nasopharyngeal cancer.

http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/nasopharyngeal/Patient/page1

  • Medicine Net . com

Get information on nasopharyngeal cancer symptoms, signs, risk factors, diagnosis, stages, prognosis and treatment.

http://www.medicinenet.com/nasopharyngeal_cancer/article.htm

  • Cancer Help UK

All about nasopharyngeal cancer, which is a cancer that starts behind the nose, where it meets the throat. Information about symptoms and causes, tests and scans, treatment (including surgery to remove lymph nodes, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, biological therapy) and current research.

http://cancerhelp.cancerresearchuk.org/type/nasopharyngeal-cancer/

  • American Cancer Society

Detailed guide to nasopharyngeal cancer, including definition, causes, risk factors, symptoms, treatment, post-treatment, and research.

http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/NasopharyngealCancer/DetailedGuide/nasopharyngeal-cancer-what-is-nasopharyngeal-cancer

  • Fox Chase Cancer Center

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of nasopharyngeal cancer.

http://www.fccc.edu/cancer/pdq/English/Patients/NasopharyngealCancerTreatment.html

  • Experience Project

A Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma anonymous support group with information on diagnosis, treatment, symptoms, along with personal stories and experiences with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma. You’re not alone.

http://www.experienceproject.com/groups/Have-Nasopharyngeal-Carcinoma/92964



Medical Resources

  • Mayo Clinic

Comprehensive overview covers symptoms and treatment of cancer of the nasopharynx.

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/nasopharyngeal-carcinoma/DS00756/DSECTION=symptoms

  • Web MD

Treatment option overview from Web MD.

http://www.webmd.com/cancer/tc/nasopharyngeal-cancer-treatment-health-professional-information-nci-pdq-treatment-option