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Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer Signs and Symptoms

Nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer occurs in the nasal cavity, which is the hollow area behind the nose, and in the sinuses close to the nose. Nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer is rare, occurring in only 2000 new cases in the US per year. It is 50 percent more common in males than females, and it typically is diagnosed between the ages of forty-five and eighty-five. We have put together a list of common signs and symptoms of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer below.

Also, we have information on diagnosis, helpful books and valuable resources for patients.

The Signs and Symptoms of Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer are as follows:

  • Nasal congestion or stuffiness that does not clear, or gets worse
  • A sinus infection
  • Nosebleeds
  • Pain above or below the eyes
  • Frequent headaches
  • A blocked nasal passage
  • Post-nasal drip that does not go away
  • A growth or sore that does not heal inside the nose
  • Numbness or pain in parts of the face
  • Decreased sense of smell
  • Watery eyes that persist over time
  • A bulging eye
  • Swelling eyes
  • Loss of vision
  • Pain in the upper teeth
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Dentures that no longer fit
  • Ear pain
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck

These signs and symptoms of nasal and paranasal sinus cancer are similar to other benign conditions, such as infections or allergies. The difference is, if these symptoms are caused by cancer, they do not go away over time. See your doctor if these symptoms persist over time.

Risk factors for nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer include workplace exposures to such substances as wood dust from working in the lumber industry, leather dust, flour dust, textile dust, clay dust, nickel and chromium dust, poisonous gases such as mustard gas, and radium. Smoking increases the risk for nasal and paranasal sinus cavity cancer.



Diagnosis of Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer

If a doctor suspects a diagnosis of nasal and paranasal cancer, a referral to an Otolaryhgologist (Ear, Nose and Throat Specialist) will be made. After a physical exam, imaging tests such as a CT scan or an MRI may be done. Both the CT scan and an MRI can help identify cancers of the nasal cavities and paranasal sinuses and their characteristics. Both an MRI and a CT scan can ell if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.

To confirm a diagnosis of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer, a biopsy is made to determine the type of cancer and how aggressive it is. This is necessary to identify the best course of treatment.


Books For People With Signs and Symptoms of Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer

The Official Patient’s Sourcebook on Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer: A Revised and Updated Directory for the Internet Age
Icon Health Publications
21st Century Ultimate Medical Guide to Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer- Authoritative, Practical Clinical Information for Physicians and Patients, Treatment Options (Two CD-ROM Set)
PM Medical Health News


Choices, Fourth Edition (Choices: The Most Complete Sourcebook for Cancer Information)
Marion E. Morra
The Frontal Sinus
Stilianos E. Kountakis

Resources for Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer

General Patient Resources

  • National Cancer Institute

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer.

http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/paranasalsinus/Patient

  • Cancer Help UK

This page is about statistics and what they can tell us about the outlook for people with nasal and paranasal sinus cancer.

http://cancerhelp.cancerresearchuk.org/type/nasal-cancer/treatment/statistics-and-outlook-for-nasal-cavity-and-paranasal-sinus-cancer

  • American Society of Clinical Oncology

Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer review.This section has been reviewed and approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board.

http://www.cancer.net/patient/Cancer+Types/Nasal+Cavity+and+Paranasal+Sinus+Cancer/ci.Nasal+Cavity+and+Paranasal+Sinus+Cancer.printer

  • American Cancer Society

Information about nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer, including definition, causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, post-treatment, and research.

http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/NasalCavityandParanasalSinusCancer/DetailedGuide/nasal-cavity-and-paranasal-sinuses-cancer-what-is-nasal-paranasal

  • US Oncology

Get an overview, a list of tumor types, a list of symptoms, and information about common treatments for nasal cavity cancer and paranasal sinus cancer.

http://www.usoncology.com/patients/YourJourney/CancerTypes/NasalCavityandParanasalSinusCancer

  • City of Hope

Diagnosing Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancers.

http://www.cityofhope.org/patient_care/treatments/paranasal-sinus-nasal-cavity-cancers/Pages/diagnosis.aspx



Medical Resources

  • Web MD

Information on nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer by Web MD.

http://www.webmd.com/cancer/tc/nasal-cavity-cancer-paranasal-sinus-and-treatment-health-professional-information-nci-pdq-stage-i

  • Medpedia

General information About Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer.

http://wiki.medpedia.com/Paranasal_Sinus_and_Nasal_Cavity_Cancer