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All Disorders A-Z

List of all disorders on this website from A-Z.

Abscesses
Abscesses are an accumulation of pus that can occur anywhere on the body. They typically occur on the skin and on the inside of organs and tissues.
Acidosis
Acidosis is the result of an overly acid condition in the body. The body’s normal pH is 6.8, which is slightly acidic. A balanced body chemistry is vital for health.
Acromegaly
Acromegaly is a rare hormone disorder in which the pituitary gland produces too much growth hormone after puberty.
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow and the white blood cells.
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Acute myeloid leukemia is a cancer of the white blood cells. In acute myeloid leukemia, there are too many blood cells called myoblasts.
Addison’s Disease
Addison’s Disease is a fairly rare autoimmune disorder, affecting about one in every 100,000 people in the United States.
ADHD | Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Learning and behavior disorders are on the rise, and they affect approximately 7.5 % of children in the U.S. today. As well, 3 – 7 % of all adults show signs of ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) or ADHD as well!
Allergies
Allergies are the result of an immune response to a foreign substance such as grass, pollen, mold, animal dander, dust, feathers, insect venom, and cosmetics.
Alopecia
Alopecia is an autoimmune disease in which the body attacks its own hair follicles. Hair can be lost from any part of the body.
ALS | Lou Gehrig’s Disease
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, otherwise known as ALS and commonly referred to as Lou Gehrig’s Disease or Motor Neurone Disease (MND), is a serious neuromuscular illness affecting approximately 30,000 people in the United States.
Alzheimer’s Disease
Alzheimer’s Disease is a significant loss of brain function, or what used to be called “senility”. Alzheimer’s targets a part of the brain called the hippocampus, which is the seat of memory and intellect.
Anal Cancer
Anal cancer is an uncommon cancer that is not to be confused with colorectal cancer. The etiology, risk factors and treatment are all different from colorectal cancer.
Anemia
Anemia is the most common blood condition in the U.S. 3.5 million Americans have signs and symptoms of anemia. Anemia affects mostly women and people with chronic illnesses.
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Ankylosing Spondylitis is a chronic, progressive autoimmune disease that involves the joints and the spine. Although some people experience symptoms in many parts of the body, the main site of this disorder is the lower back.
Anorexia | Anorexia Nervosa
Anorexia is one of the most common eating disorders. It affects mostly teenage girls and young women, although men are not exempt.
Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS)
Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system mistakenly produces antibodies to certain proteins in the blood.
Anxiety
Anxiety disorder is very pervasive in America today. Over 55 million Americans have the signs and symptoms of an anxiety disorder.
Appendicitis
Appendicitis is the result when the small 2 inch appendix tube which opens into the beginning of the large intestine becomes inflamed.
Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis refers to the thickening and hardening of the medium or large arteries. Atherosclerosis is a form of arteriosclerosis in which cholesterol deposits line the inner wall of the artery.
Arthritis | Osteoarthritis
There are over 200 diseases that are classified under the term “arthritis”. Most of these fall under two classifications, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Asperger’s Syndrome
Asperger’s Syndrome is an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that was first identified by physician Hans Asperger in 1944, but was only added to the DSM IV in 1994.
Asthma
Asthma is a very common respiratory illness that is the result of an inflammation of the bronchial tubes. The incidences of asthma are rising rapidly in America, probably due to pollution and other environmental triggers.
Athlete’s Foot
Athlete’s foot is a common fungal infection of the foot. It is closely related to other fungal infections such as ringworm or jock itch.
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Autism is a disorder which is marked by impairments in social skills, behavior, and speech. Children with autism are often withdrawn, lack emotion and speech, and are extremely sensitive to sound and touch.
Autoimmune Hepatitis
Autoimmune hepatitis is an autoimmune disease that is found most often in women. Women are eight times more likely to get the disease than are men.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer. It is also the least dangerous skin cancer, as it rarely spreads.
Behcet’s Disease
Behcet’s disease is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks the cells of the cardiovascular system. It is a rare, systemic form of vasculitis, which causes chronic inflammation in blood vessels throughout the body.
Bile Duct Cancer | Cholangiocarcinoma
Bile duct cancer or cholangiocarcinoma, as it is also known, is a rare cancer of the bile ducts which drain bile from the liver into the small intestine.
Bladder Cancer
Bladder cancer occurs when malignant cells multiply within the bladder. The bladder has three layers of tissue.
Bone Cancer
Bone cancer is a very rare form of cancer that begins in a bone. Bone cancer can begin in any bone of the body, but it most commonly begins in one of the long bones of the body, such as an arm or a leg.
Brain Tumor
A brain tumor is a mass of cancerous tissue found in the brain. Primary brain tumors are tumors that begin in the brain, and secondary brain tumors are tumors that have spread to the brain from other parts of the body.
Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breast, either in the milk-producing ducts or in the lobules, which are sacs of tissue where breast milk is produced and stored.
Bronchitis
Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of the air passages within the lungs. It occurs when the trachea and the bronchi become inflamed because of infection or irritation.
Bulimia
Bulimia is the most common eating disorder, and it affects mostly young women in their twenties and beyond.
Bullous Pemphigoid
Bullous pemphigoid is a chronic autoimmune disease of the skin. It involves the formation of large, fluid-filled blisters in the layers of the skin.
Burkitt Lymphoma
Burkitt lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system. Though it most often occurs in children in Africa, it also occurs in North America as well.
Cardiomyopathy
Cardiomyopathy is a type of heart failure where a severely weakened heart pumps only a small portion of the blood that is required by the body.
Castleman’s Disease
Castleman’s disease is a rare autoimmune disorder which affects the lymph nodes of the body. Castleman’s disease is characterized by an overgrowth of lymphatic cells.
Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is a fairly common autoimmune disorder of the digestive tract. Celiac disease is also known as celiac sprue or gluten intolerance.
Central Nervous System Lymphoma
Primary central nervous system lymphoma is a unique type of lymphoma that appears mostly in patients whose immune systems are severely compromised or who have AIDS (Aquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome).
Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is almost always caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). A PAP test can identify potentially precancerous cells in the cervix.
Cervical Dysplasia
Cervical dysplasia is a precancerous condition where abnormal cells are found on the cervix. The cells themselves are not cancer, but they can lead to cervical cancer.
Chickenpox
Chickenpox was once a common viral illness that affected almost all children. Today, thanks to the chickenpox vaccine, the incidence of chickenpox is down dramatically.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is classified as being of “unknown” etiology, though there is evidence that it is an autoimmune disorder.
Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Neuropathy (CIDP)
Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Neuropathy (CIPD) is an autoimmune disorder involving the peripheral nervous system.
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is the second most common type of leukemia in adults. Leukemia is a cancer of the white blood cells, which originate in the bone marrow.
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Chronic myelogenous leukemia is a cancer of the white blood cells that starts in the bone marrow. Chronic myelogenous leukemia is also known as chronic myeloid leukemia.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
COPD, otherwise known as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, refers to a group of lung diseases in which the airways become narrowed, making it difficult to breathe.
Churg Strauss Syndrome
Churg Strauss syndrome is a rare autoimmune disorder that affects the medium and small blood vessels. It is one of the many forms of vasculitis, and it is also known as allergic granulomatosis or allergic angiitis.
Colon Cancer
Colon cancer, also known as colorectal cancer, includes cancers of the colon and rectum. It is the fourth most common cancer in the United States.
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
The enzymes mediating the production of cortisol from cholesterol are mutated, resulting in either a deficient or excessive production of sex hormones.
Congestive Heart Failure
Congestive heart failure is a sign of a weak, dilated heart, and occurs when the heart can no longer pump effectively.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease occurs when the main blood vessels that supply the heart with blood become damaged or diseased.
Crohn’s Disease
Crohn’s disease is in the family of autoimmune diseases known as inflammatory bowel diseases. Inflammatory bowel diseases involve an inflammatory reaction against the body’s gastrointestinal tract.
Cushing’s Syndrome
Cushing’s Syndrome is a hormonal disorder brought about by high levels of the hormone cortisol circulating in the body for a prolonged period of time.
Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma is a type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma that manifests in the skin. It is a rare cancer, affecting only one in a million people.
Cystic Fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is a life-threatening genetic disease that affects the lungs, liver, pancreas and intestines. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by the production of thick, viscous secretions in the afore-mentioned organs.
Emphysema
Emphysema belongs to the group of lung diseases collectively known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Endometrial Cancer
Endometrial cancer is a cancer of the uterus that begins in the endometrium, which is the layer of cells that form the lining of the uterus.
Endometriosis
Endometriosis Signs and Symptoms Endometriosis is a painful condition where the lining of the uterine tissue attaches itself to other tissues and organs. Endometrial tissue may appear in the fallopian tubes or on the ovaries, or it may attach itself to the outer walls of the uterus.  In rare cases, it may travel outside the [...]
Esophageal Cancer
Esophageal cancer is a cancer of the cells lining the esophagus. The esophagus is the long tube that runs from the throat to the stomach.
Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors
Extragonadal germ cell tumors are a rare form of cancer that develops in the germ cells, which are reproductive cells that develop into sperm in males and eggs in females.
Fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia is a stress-related autoimmune disease that affects the muscles. It is an arthritic-type disease that was previously known as rheumatism. Researchers say fibromyalgia affects up to 16 million North Americans, mostly women between the ages of 25 and 45.
Food Allergies
A food allergy is an antibody reaction to a normally harmless food. Common food allergies are to peanuts, shellfish, fish, wheat, soy, milk, eggs and MSG.
Gallbladder Cancer
Gallbladder cancer is a rare cancer that begins in the gallbladder. Unfortunately, there are often no symptoms of gallbladder cancer when it is in its earliest stages, making it difficult to diagnose.
Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor
A carcinoid tumor is a rare type of tumor that secretes hormones into your bloodstream, causing a variety of signs and symptoms.
Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes (sometimes referred to as “pregnancy diabetes”) is a form of diabetes that occurs only during pregnancy.
Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor
Gestational trophoblastic tumor is a rare tumor found in women of childbearing age. A gestational trophoblastic tumor can literally fake the signs and symptoms of pregnancy.
Giant Cell Arteritis
Giant cell arteritis belongs to the family of autoimmune diseases called vasculitis. It affects the larger arteries leading to the head, especially those in the temples.
Glomerulonephritis
Glomerulonephritis is an autoimmune kidney disease that can result in renal failure. The tiny structures in the kidneys called glomeruli get inflamed, impeding the kidneys’ ability to remove wastes and excess fluids.
Graves Disease
Graves’ disease is an autoimmune thyroid disease that manifests as hyperthyroidism.
Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS)
Guillain-Barre Syndrome is an autoimmune disorder of the nervous system that causes muscular problems. It is similiar to Multiple Sclerosis in that the body’s immune system attacks the myelin sheath around the nerves, or even the actual nerves.
Hairy Cell Leukemia
Hairy cell leukemia is a rare, slow-growing form of chronic leukemia that does not develop into acute leukemia. There is no cure, but hairy cell leukemia can be kept in remission for years.
Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the leading cause of hypothyroidism and goiter in the United States. Eighty-five percent of cases are women between the ages of 30 and 50.
Head and Neck Cancer
The term “head and neck cancer” refers to a group of cancers that occur in the head and neck area, including cancers of the mouth, lip, nose, throat, salivary glands, sinuses, pharynx, larynx, and lymph nodes in the neck.
Heart Arrhythmias
Heart arrhythmias are electrical disruptions that affect the natural rhythm of the heart. The result is a heart that beats too fast, too slowly or irregularly.
Heart Attack or Acute Myocardial Infarction
A heart attack occurs when a blood clot obstructs a coronary artery, which is a blood vessel that feeds blood to the heart. Instantly that part of the heart that is served from that artery is without blood supply.
High Cholesterol
High cholesterol affects up to 60 million people in the U.S. High levels of cholesterol in the blood increase your chances of developing heart disease and strokes.
HIV | AIDS
AIDS or Aquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is caused by the HIV (human immunodeficiency) virus. AIDS is the most advanced stage of infection with HIV.
Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
Hodgkin’s lymphoma, also known as Hodgkin’s disease, is a type of lymphoma, which is a cancer of the lymphatic system.
Hyperparathyroidism
Hyperparathyroidism is a disease of the parathyroid glands where one or more of the four parathyroid glands produce an excess of parathyroid hormone.
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, is one of the most common cardiovascular diseases. Blood pressure is the amount of blood pumped by the heart and the resistance to this flow in your arteries.
Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia is the clinical term for low blood sugar, which means abnormally low levels of glucose in the blood.
Hypopharyngeal Cancer
Hypopharyngeal cancer is a type of head and neck cancer that is very rare. It is a cancer of the hypopharynx, which is the area where the larynx and the esophagus meet.
Hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism is a common condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce adequate thyroid hormone to meet body demands.
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is an autoimmune disorder of the lungs that causes progressive scarring of the lung tissue. It is a chronic, progressive form of lung disease where the cause is unknown.
IgA Nephropathy
IgA nephropathy is a common autoimmune kidney disease which affects the small tubes in the kidneys called the glomeruli.
Interstitial Cystitis
Interstitial Cystitis (IC) or “non-bacterial cystitis” is known as an immune system breakdown disorder because it typically appears when immunity has been compromised.
Intraocular Melanoma
Intraocular melanona, also known as eye melanoma, is a rare form of cancer that begins in the tissues of the eye called the uvea.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
An irritable bowel, or sometimes referred to as a “cranky bowel”, is one of the most common conditions of a problematic digestive tract.
Islet Cell Tumors
Islet cell tumors are cancerous cells that form in the tissues of the pancreas. Islet cell tumors are also called neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas.
Kaposi’s Sarcoma
Kaposi’s sarcoma is a cancer of the connective tissue that causes abnormal tissue to grow under the skin and in the lining of the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and throat.
Kawasaki Disease
Kawasaki disease is a form of vasculitis, which is an autoimmune disorder that affects the blood vessels. Kawasaki syndrome is seen most often in children under age five.
Kidney Cancer
Kidney cancer is a cancer that originates in the kidneys. There are two main types of kidney cancer, renal cell carcinoma and urothelial cell carcinoma.
Laryngeal Cancer
Laryngeal cancer is also known as cancer of the larynx. The larynx is the voice box, and it is located just below the throat in the neck.
Lichen Planus
Lichen planus is a fairly common autoimmune skin condition in which antibodies attack the skin, mucous membranes, hair and nails.
Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer
Lip and oral cavity cancer belongs to the family of head and neck cancers, and is any cancerous tissue that is located in the oral cavity, including the lips.
Liver Cancer
Liver cancer is a cancer that begins in the liver. In the United States, most cancers found in the liver are the result of cancers in other parts of the body spreading to the liver.
Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. It is also the leading cause of cancer deaths within the U.S., among both men and women.
Lupus (Systemic) Erythematosus
Lupus is a devastating form of arthritis, whereby the immune system’s antibodies mistakenly identify the body’s tissue as foreign substances and thereby attacks the connective tissue, causing inflammation and pain.
Melanoma
Melanoma is a deeply rooted skin cancer that arises from the melanocytes, a type of cells found in moles that produce melanin.
Meniere’s Disease
Meniere’s Disease is an autoimmune condition that affects the inner ear. People with Meniere’s disease symptoms experience episodes of vertigo, ringing in the ears, and a full feeling in the inner ear.
Merkel Cell Carcinoma
Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare and aggressive type of skin cancer that is also known as neuroendocrine carcinoma.
Mesothelioma
Mesothelioma is a very rare type of cancer that occurs in the lining of the body’s major organs.
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Mitral valve prolapse is the most common heart abnormality, affecting approximately three percent of the population. It is thought to be genetic.
Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD)
Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD) is a diagnosis given to a collection of symptoms that have similarities to lupus, scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, and other connective tissue diseases.
Mouth Cancer
Mouth cancer is one of the cancers that is part of the group of head and neck cancers. It refers to cancer that occurs in any area of the mouth, including the lips, tongue, inside of the cheeks, gums, and roof or floor of the mouth.
Multiple Myeloma
Multiply myeloma is a type of cancer of the white blood cells called the plasma cells. Plasma cells are present in your bone marrow, and are responsible for making proteins called antibodies to help the body fight infections.
Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis or MS is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease of the central nervous system that affects the brain, spinal cord and optic nerve.
Mumps
Mumps is a viral disease that affects the parotid salivary glands, which are located below and in front of the ears.
Myasthenia Gravis
Myasthenia Gravis is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects skeletal muscles. The body’s immune system attacks the muscles’ acetylcholine receptors, which means that the muscles can no longer contract normally and they become weak.
Mycosis Fungoides
Mycosis fungoides is the most common type of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, a type of lymphoma that initially occurs on the skin.
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Myelodysplastic syndromes are a group of disorders in which the bone marrow does not make enough healthy blood cells. This results in poorly formed blood cells that are dysfunctional.
Myocardial Ischemic Heart Disease
Myocardial ischemic heart disease or myocardial ischemia is the result of a reduced blood flow to the heart due to atherosclerotic plaques along the artery wall.
Narcolepsy
Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that is sometimes classified as an autoimmune disorder, as it is theorized that an immune reaction may cause the loss of nerve cells in the brain.
Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer
Nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer occurs in the nasal cavity, which is the hollow area behind the nose, and in the sinuses close to the nose.
Nasopharyngeal Cancer
Nasopharyngeal cancer is a cancer that originates in the nasopharynx, which is the uppermost region of the throat behind the nose.
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, also known as non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, is a cancer of the lymph nodes. In non-Hodgkin lymphoma, tumors develop from a type of white blood cell called lymphocytes.
Oropharyngeal Cancer
Signs and Symptoms of Oropharyngeal Cancer Oropharyngeal cancer is a cancer that occurs in the middle part of the pharynx, which includes the back of the tongue, the soft palate, and the sides and back wall of the throat. Most oropharyngeal cancer is of the squamous cell carcinoma type, in which thin, flat cells line [...]
Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a crippling condition in which bones progressively become weaker and weaker, causing a stooped posture and making the individual extremely susceptible to bone fractures.
Osteosarcoma
Osteosarcoma is a type of primary bone cancer that affects the long bones of the arms and legs, and sometimes the skull, pelvis and jaw.
Ovarian Cancer
Ovarian cancer is a cancerous growth that grows on an ovary. Tumors on the ovary can be benign or malignant; most ovarian tumors are benign.
Pancreatic Cancer
Pancreatic cancer is a cancer of the tissues of the pancreas. The most common type of pancreatic cancer is called an adenocarcinoma, which accounts for 95% of all pancreatic cancers.
Panic Attacks
Panic Attacks occur suddenly without warning and cause a feeling of terror or impending doom.
Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s Disease is a degenerative disease of the nervous system which is caused by free radical damage to the basal brain ganglia that control muscle movement.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease | PID
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a broad term that refers to an infection of the female reproductive organs. This may include the fallopian tubes, the ovaries and even the lining of the uterus.
Pemphigus
Pemphigus is an extremely rare and incurable autoimmune disorder that affects the skin and mucous membranes. The immune system attacks the skin, causing burn-like blisters.
Penile Cancer
Penile cancer is a cancer that originates in the tissues of the penis. The most common penile cancer is penile squamous cell carcinoma, which behaves similarly to other squamous cell carcinomas of the skin.
Perimenopause
The most common sign and symptom of perimenopause is irregular periods and sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures.
Pernicious Anemia
Pernicious anemia is an autoimmune condition which occurs as a result of the destruction of the lining of the stomach.
Pheochromocytoma
A pheochromocytoma is a rare type of adrenal gland tumor.
PMS | Premenstrual Syndrome
The intricacies of the menstrual cycle can trigger a wide range of signs and symptoms of PMS | premenstrual syndrome in many women.
Pneumonia
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lungs that is primarily caused by either bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites.
Polyarteritis Nodosa
Polyarteritis nodosa belongs to the family of autoimmune diseases called vasculitis. It is characterized by an inflammation of the blood vessels, and it affects the smaller blood vessels throughout the body.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is an endocrine condition in women of reproductive age, where the ovaries develop numerous small cysts along the outer edge of each ovary.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome | PCOS
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition where multiple small cysts appear on both ovaries. The cysts themselves do not cause problems, but the hormones that trigger their growth may cause problems elsewhere in the body.
Polymyositis
Polymysitis is an autoimmune disorder that causes inflamed muscles and muscle and neck weakness. Muscle weakness may build up gradually over a few months, or it can come on suddenly.
Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
Primary biliary cirrhosis is an autoimmune disease of the liver in which the bile ducts are slowly destroyed. In primary biliary cirrhosis the small ducts within the liver are damaged, leading to a build-up of bile within the liver.
Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is a cancer that grows in the prostate gland. It is the third most common cancer in men, and rarely found in men under age forty.
Prostate Enlargement | BPH
BPH or benign prostatic hyperplasia/ hypertrophy is the medical term for an enlarged prostate gland. When a man reaches middle age, the prostate often starts growing.
Prostatitis
Prostatitis is an inflammation or chronic infection of the prostate gland. Prostatitis is a different condition than an enlarged prostate, and unlike an enlarged prostate or BPH, it can affect men of all ages.
Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a common autoimmune skin disorder which occurs when the skin cells replicate too quickly.
Pulmonary Embolism
Pulmonary embolism is a blockage of one of the main arteries of the lungs, usually by a blood clot that has traveled to the lungs from another part of the body, typically from the deep veins in the legs.
Pulmonary Fibrosis
Pulmonary fibrosis is a lung disorder which causes excessive fibrous connective tissue in the lungs. This results in the lung tissue becoming damaged and scarred.
Raynaud’s Phenomenon
Raynaud’s Phenomenon is a very common autoimmune condition which affects the fingers and toes.
Rectal Cancer
Rectal cancer is a cancer that develops in the rectum, which is the last ten inches of the colon. Rectal and colorectal cancer are essentially the same, with the only difference being the location of the cancer in the colon.
Reiter’s Syndrome
Reiter’s syndrome is an autoimmune condition which causes arthritis-like symptoms in the joints, the skeleton and the spine.
Retinoblastoma
Retinoblastoma is a rare cancer that starts in the retina of the eye. Retinoblastoma most commonly affects young children under the age of six, although it sometimes affects adults as well.
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is a serious autoimmune disorder in which white blood cells attack the cartilage in the joints.
Salivary Gland Cancer
Salivary gland cancer is a rare cancer that begins in the salivary glands, which are found in the mouth, neck and throat.
Sarcoidosis
Sarcoidosis is an autoimmune disease condition that affects the organs of the body, but especially the liver and lungs.
Scleroderma or Crest Syndrome
Scleroderma is a runaway healing process where the body produces too much collagen and connective tissue, replacing normal cell structure.
Sezary Syndrome
Sezary syndrome is a type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma belonging to the family of cutaneous t-cell lymphomas.
Silicone Immune Toxicity Syndrome
Since 1962, many millions of women have breast implants with either silicone gel or saline with silicone linings. Unfortunately, the silicone from breast implants can leak into the surrounding tissue and deposit itself into various tissues and organs.
Sjogren’s Syndrome
Sjogren’s Syndrome is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disorder in which the immune system produces autoantibodies that attack the tear, salivary and other moisture-producing glands, causing excessive dryness to the eyes and mucous membranes of the body.
Small Intestine Cancer
Small intestine cancer, otherwise known as small bowel cancer, occurs in the small intestine, which is located between the stomach and the large intestine, or colon.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common type of skin cancer, second to basal cell carcinoma. The other common type of skin cancer is melanoma.
Stiff Person Syndrome
Stiff Person Syndrome is a rare neurological autoimmune disorder characterized by progressive muscle stiffness, mainly in the spine and legs.
Stomach Cancer
Stomach cancer, otherwise known as gastric cancer, usually begins in the mucus-producing cells that line the inside of the stomach.
Stroke
A stroke is a blocked artery leading to the brain, similar to that of a heart attack, except the organ under attack is the brain.
Testicular Cancer
Testicular cancer is cancer of the testicles, which are part of the male reproductive system. The testicles produce sperm and male sex hormones, such as testosterone.
Throat Cancer
Throat cancer refers to the cancer that develops in the throat, namely the pharynx, the larynx or the tonsils.
Thyroid Cancer
Thyroid cancer occurs in the cells of the thyroid, which is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the throat area at the base of the Adam’s apple that produces special hormones that regulate the body.
Toxic Shock Syndrome
Toxic shock syndrome is a rare and life-threatening condition that is caused by a bacterial infection.
Transient Ischemic Attacks | TIAs
Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) are commonly referred to as “mini-strokes”. Transient ischemic attacks are often a precursor to a having a regular stroke.
Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter
Transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter is a cancer that forms in the cells that line the renal pelvis or ureter.
Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is a common, and sometimes fatal, infectious disease that primarily affects the lungs. Tuberculosis is spread through the air when a person with an active TB infection coughs or sneezes into the air.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes (or insulin-dependent-diabetes mellitus) occurs when the pancreas loses its ability to produce insulin, leading to excessive levels of glucose in the blood.
Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcerative colitis belongs to the family of autoimmune diseases known as inflammatory bowel diseases.
Urethral Cancer
Urethral cancer is cancer that begins in the cells that line the urethra, a tube that carries the urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.
Uterine Fibroids
Between 20 and twenty-five percent of American women over the age of thirty-five have uterine fibroids. They are benign growths that range in size from a pea to an orange.
Uterine Sarcoma
Uterine sarcoma is a very rare type of cancer that forms in the muscles of the uterus or in the tissues that support the uterus.
Vaginal Cancer
Vaginal cancer is a rare cancer that occurs in the vagina. There are two main types of vaginal cancer, squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.
Vaginal Yeast Infections
Vaginal yeast infections are caused by a fungus called candida albicans. Vaginal yeast infections are very common; most women experience at least one yeast infection during the course of their life.
Vaginismus
Vaginismus is the involuntary contraction of the muscles of the vagina, making penetration painful, difficult or impossible.
Vascular Dementia
Vascular dementia is due to damage to the small blood vessels that supply nutrients to the brain.
Vasculitis
Vasculitis is an acute or chronic inflammation of the blood vessels. It is an autoimmune disorder, and can occur alone or alongside other autoimmune disorders.
Vitiligo
Vitiligo is an autoimmune skin disease in which the body creates antibodies directed against the pigment-producing cells.
Vulvar Cancer
Vulvar cancer occurs in the vulva, which is the outer skin of the female genitalia. Vulvar cancer accounts for about 4% of all female gynecological cancers.
Vulvodynia
Vulvodynia is the clinical term for pain in the vaginal area. The pain can be constant or intermittent, and can be felt during or after sexual intercourse, inserting a tampon, riding a bicycle, or sitting for prolonged periods of time.
Wegener’s Granulomatosis
Wegener’s granulomatosis belongs to the family of autoimmune diseases known as vasculitis. It is characterized by inflammation of the smaller arteries and veins in the respiratory tract and kidneys.
Whooping Cough | Pertussis
Whooping cough or pertussis is a highly contagious bacterial disease which causes an infection in the respiratory tract.
Wilms Tumor
Wilms tumor is a very rare cancer of the kidneys that occurs primarily in young children under the age of five. Approximately 500 cases are diagnosed in the US annually, usually in children aged three to four.