Search Our Site:  
Share this article:   Bookmark and Share
Custom Search

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Signs and Symptoms

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow and the white blood cells.  The immature white blood cells are overproduced in the bone marrow, which crowd out the normal cells of the bone marrow.  Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is also known as acute lymphocystic leukemia.  It affects mostly young children and adults over the age of sixty-five.  We have put together a list of common signs and symptoms of acute lymphoblastic leukemia below.

Also, we have information on diagnosis, helpful books and valuable resources for patients.

The Signs and Symptoms of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia are as follows:

  • Anemia
  • Fever
  • Infections, such as pneumonia
  • Pale skin
  • Bleeding from the gums
  • Swelling in the lower limbs or abdomen
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tiny red spots or lines in the skin
  • Shortness of breath
  • Bone pain
  • Joint pain
  • Unexplained and frequent bruising
  • Frequent nosebleeds
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Palpitations
  • Rashes
  • Renal failure in advanced cases

When acute lymphoblastic leukemia occurs in children, it is known as childhood leukemia.  It is the most common cancer found in children, and the prognosis for children is very good.  The prognosis for older adults is not as favorable.  Approximately 1000 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia occur in the United States each year.  Only 20 – 40 percent of adults with the signs and symptoms of acute lymphoblastic leukemia are currently cured.

Diagnosis of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

A diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia is made through a physical examination and a complete blood count.   A blood test will show if there are too many white blood cells andnot enough red blood cells.  There may also be cells called blast cells in the blood, which are not normally found there. A bone marrow biopsy will conclusively diagnose acute lymphoblastic leukemia.  Other tests such as x-rays and a spinal tap will determine if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

Books for People With Signs and Symptoms of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

21st Century Ultimate Medical Guide to Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) – Authoritative, Practical Clinical Information for Physicians and Patients, Treatment Options (Two CD-ROM Set)
PM Medical Health News
Medifocus Guidebook on: Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

The Official Patient’s Sourcebook on Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Revised and Updated Directory for the Internet Age
ICON Health Publications

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Resources

General Patient Resources

  • Leukemia and Lymphoma Society

Learn about Acute Lymphoblasitc Leukemia. Read leukemia information and access our online resources for the most common leukemia in children.

  • Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center

A US Department of Health and Human Service project providing information on genetic and rare diseases. A comprehensive body of resources on Acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

  • National Cancer Institute

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

  • WD

Information including symptoms, diagnosis, misdiagnosis, treatment, causes, patient stories, videos, forums, prevention, and prognosis.

  • Med Help

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Help Forum. This forum is for help, questions and support regarding Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

Medical Resources

  • Web MD

Web MD discusses what acute lymphoblastic leukemia is as well as its symptoms, risk factors, and treatments.

  • Mayo Clinic

Find both basic and in-depth information on acute lymphocytic leukemia.

  • Medline Plus

A service of the US National Library of Medicine.